Domestic and Foreign Anti-Nazi Resistance

Domestic and Foreign Anti-Nazi Resistance

During the Second World War a great number of Slovaks and Czechs joined the foreign units of countries belonging to the anti-Hitler alliance, e.g. the British RAF, the units in Northern Africa, USSR; and this way they took part in an armed fight against Germany and its Allies. Many Slovaks worked also in political headquarters of the Czechoslovak foreign resistance. Resistance groups of different political aspects were formed in Slovakia as well. Their activity grew over to an armed uprising in August 1944, which was militarily crushed by the German armed forces.

Photo: Jaroslav Fabok


The life of Jaroslav Fabok was full of various obstacles. Even though he was only a young boy he had to provide for his family, because his father was an alcoholic. During the war he became involved in a resistance movement and the Slovak National Uprising, too. Later, he railed against the totalitarian era and its sharp practices. He worked as a secretary of the Democratic Party till February 1948 when he was arrested and imprisoned along with all the other Democratic Party officials. He worked hardly in uranium mines; however, it was a miracle that he managed to survive and give witness to his life.

Photo: Richard Kolban


As a sixteen-year old boy Richard Kolban experienced all the horrors of Soviet labour camps. After two years, when thanks to General Svoboda, the Czechoslovak military forces were being formed in the Soviet Union, he was released from gulag and joined hundreds of volunteers, who enlisted from different parts of the USSR. Along with the military forces he gradually managed to get to Slovakia and participated in many liberating fights in our territory.

Photo: Helena Kordová


Wife of the colonel Alexander Korda, who was sentenced by the State Security to life imprisonment. After full ten years of imprisonment and torture her husband died on September 13, 1958 in the prison hospital. Helena was sentenced to 14 years and 10 of them she spent in forced labour camps.

Photo: Ján Okoličáni


He is a man who loved nature very much since his early childhood. This honest and principled man was labelled as unreliable and deprived of the chance to finish his university studies. He risked his life on the eastern front and got involved in the events following the outbreak of the Slovak National Uprising. His desire to run the family property was thwarted by the post-war left-wing government that deprived him of everything what his family had ever had.

Photo: Anton Petrák


As a carrier officer he fought during the Second World War in the Czechoslovak foreign legions. After coming back home, the communist regime labelled him as an inconvenient person, so he was not only dismissed from the army but also persecuted and imprisoned.

Photo: Heliodor Píka


For the whole life he had fought and worked in favour of his homeland and he also used to prefer it to his own family. However, after the year 1948 this unique man and patriot was executed.